“Neither this man nor his parents sinned,” said Jesus, “but this happened so that the works of God might be displayed in him.”
- JOHN 9:3
In John 9, Jesus and His disciples come across a man who was born blind. This encounter with the man prompts a question from the disciples. They ask, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?” Their question here is consistent with a longstanding assumption in ancient Near Eastern history. This assumption was that if a person was suffering, that person or someone in their life must have committed a sin.
Despite the pervasiveness of this view, a view held by even some of Jesus’ closest followers, it is not a biblical teaching. Scripture teaches that good things do tend to happen to those who do right, and that bad things do tend to happen to those who do wrong. This is portrayed in proverbs like “a man reaps what he sows” or “the wages of the righteous is life, but the earnings of the wicked are sin and death” (Galatians 6:7; Proverbs 10:16). But Scripture also teaches that we can’t flip that logic and assume that because someone is suffering, it is the result of their own sin or the sin of someone they know. In fact, one of the longest books in the Bible, the book of Job, was written for the purpose of undermining this incorrect assumption. Job endures great suffering despite the fact that he is “blameless” (Job 1:1). The point is that suffering is oftentimes inexplicable. We aren’t in a position to determine its causes, if there are any. Only God can.
In John 9:3, Jesus reframes the disciples’ question and instead directs their attention to how God might respond to such suffering. He says, “Neither this man nor his parents sinned, but this happened so that the works of God might be displayed in him.” Jesus’ point is that we don’t always understand the causes of our suffering and we certainly aren’t in a position to draw assumptions about other people’s suffering. But we can find comfort in knowing that God can redeem our suffering for good and use it to reveal His glory.
JESUS HEALS A MAN BORN BLIND
1 As he went along, he saw a man blind from birth. 2 His disciples asked him, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?”
3 “Neither this man nor his parents sinned,” said Jesus, “but this happened so that the works of God might be displayed in him. 4 As long as it is day, we must do the works of him who sent me. Night is coming, when no one can work. 5 While I am in the world, I am the light of the world.”
6 After saying this, he spit on the ground, made some mud with the saliva, and put it on the man’s eyes. 7 “Go,” he told him, “wash in the Pool of Siloam” (this word means “Sent”). So the man went and washed, and came home seeing.
8 His neighbors and those who had formerly seen him begging asked, “Isn’t this the same man who used to sit and beg?” 9 Some claimed that he was.
Others said, “No, he only looks like him.”
But he himself insisted, “I am the man.”
10 “How then were your eyes opened?” they asked.
11 He replied, “The man they call Jesus made some mud and put it on my eyes. He told me to go to Siloam and wash. So I went and washed, and then I could see.”
12 “Where is this man?” they asked him.
“I don’t know,” he said.
THE PHARISEES INVESTIGATE THE HEALING
13 They brought to the Pharisees the man who had been blind. 14 Now the day on which Jesus had made the mud and opened the man’s eyes was a Sabbath. 15 Therefore the Pharisees also asked him how he had received his sight. “He put mud on my eyes,” the man replied, “and I washed, and now I see.”
16 Some of the Pharisees said, “This man is not from God, for he does not keep the Sabbath.”
But others asked, “How can a sinner perform such signs?” So they were divided.
17 Then they turned again to the blind man, “What have you to say about him? It was your eyes he opened.”
The man replied, “He is a prophet.”
18 They still did not believe that he had been blind and had received his sight until they sent for the man’s parents. 19 “Is this your son?” they asked. “Is this the one you say was born blind? How is it that now he can see?”
20 “We know he is our son,” the parents answered, “and we know he was born blind. 21 But how he can see now, or who opened his eyes, we don’t know. Ask him. He is of age; he will speak for himself.” 22 His parents said this because they were afraid of the Jewish leaders, who already had decided that anyone who acknowledged that Jesus was the Messiah would be put out of the synagogue. 23 That was why his parents said, “He is of age; ask him.”
24 A second time they summoned the man who had been blind. “Give glory to God by telling the truth,” they said. “We know this man is a sinner.”
25 He replied, “Whether he is a sinner or not, I don’t know. One thing I do know. I was blind but now I see!”
26 Then they asked him, “What did he do to you? How did he open your eyes?”
27 He answered, “I have told you already and you did not listen. Why do you want to hear it again? Do you want to become his disciples too?”
28 Then they hurled insults at him and said, “You are this fellow’s disciple! We are disciples of Moses! 29 We know that God spoke to Moses, but as for this fellow, we don’t even know where he comes from.”
30 The man answered, “Now that is remarkable! You don’t know where he comes from, yet he opened my eyes. 31 We know that God does not listen to sinners. He listens to the godly person who does his will. 32 Nobody has ever heard of opening the eyes of a man born blind. 33 If this man were not from God, he could do nothing.”
34 To this they replied, “You were steeped in sin at birth; how dare you lecture us!” And they threw him out.
35 Jesus heard that they had thrown him out, and when he found him, he said, “Do you believe in the Son of Man?”
36 “Who is he, sir?” the man asked. “Tell me so that I may believe in him.”
37 Jesus said, “You have now seen him; in fact, he is the one speaking with you.”
38 Then the man said, “Lord, I believe,” and he worshiped him.
39 Jesus said, “For judgment I have come into this world, so that the blind will see and those who see will become blind.”
40 Some Pharisees who were with him heard him say this and asked, “What? Are we blind too?”
41 Jesus said, “If you were blind, you would not be guilty of sin; but now that you claim you can see, your guilt remains.